The ingedin fortress is the unique ottoman fortress in Chania.It is located on the Kalami hill, 15km east of the Chania city. It has a panoramic view of Souda bay. It was built in the 1872 by Reouf Pasha at the same place where in the 1946 the first ottomans defeating the venetians built a tower.
It has been the main defensive establishment of the port and was named after the first son of Abdul Aziz ingedin soultan.In the following years it was mostly used as a political prison, a regular prison and death penalty prison.
During the period of the Cretan state (1903) El.Venizelos was imprisoned in the fortress for 15 days after being convicted of insult as sued by the Metropolitan of Crete Eumenios who was in favor of Prince George.
During the dictatorship of T.Pagalos in 1924, a great number of political prisoners were held there, while after the fall of the dictatorship Pagalos himself was imprisoned for two years.
During the German occupation and the first years of the civil war the prisons did not function .The later years of the civil war the fortress opened again.
In the 1948 from the Gyaros purgatory the first communist political prisoners were brought to the fortress were executions took place. In the dark medieval dungeons of the ingedin fortress were imprisoned communist prisoners and other political prisoners until the times of the dictatorship of the colonels. This former role of the fortress as a political prison has been captured in cinema movies such as “Days of ‘36” and “the years of stone” that hymn the rebels who fought for their democratic ideas.
The fortress is characterized as a preservable monument and today it remains closed for the public. The only day you can visit the fortress is on 14 and 15 of December when the temple of Saint Eleftherios is celebrated that was built by the prisoners themselves.
Visit Hours: Dawn to Dusk